Know Your Skin Type And What Products to Use

Good skin care routines are all about protection and prevention. And while it may all seem high maintenance, simple steps can make it all easy. First things first, before you start incorporating products into your daily routine, it is important to know your skin type.

Know Your Skin Type

While skin types can be broadly classified into four categories: dry, oily, combination or sensitive, this classification offers very little information about the skin.

Another skin typing system was developed by Dr. Leslie Baumann. With this, we can characterize facial skin types using four parameters: dry or oily, sensitive or resistant, pigmented or non-pigmented, wrinkled or non-wrinkled (tight). To accurately assess your skin type, dermatologists often look into all the four parameters. Together, this yields 16 distinct skin types (as demonstrated in the chart below), each having its own unique properties.

Baumann Skin type Indicator

Different skin properties can be present simultaneously — oily skin with pigmented patches and wrinkled can be very different from oily skin with non pigmented non wrinkled skin.

And while genetics undoubtedly plays a role, other factors can also influence your skin type. Any abrupt changes to your sleep pattern, dietary habits, sun exposure and climate can impact your skin type changes. In short, any fluctuations to your hormones (pregnancy, menstrual or menopause related) and stress levels will affect your skin.

Know Your Skin Type

OILY (O) vs. Dry (D)

Dry Skin: overall lack of moisture, resulting in tightness and even flaking. The skin appears dull, especially on the cheeks and around the eyes. It may lack elasticity, with accentuated fine lines and wrinkles.
Oily Skin: overall shiny and thick, often with visible pores. Oily skin is prone to blackheads/acne and other blemishes.

Recommended Skincare Routine

Dry Skin:

  • Consider mild, hydrating cleansers for the face, like non-foaming cleansers that contain hydrating ingredients such as glycerin, hyaluronic acid and botanical oils.
  • Avoid long showers, and apply your moisturizer immediately after cleansing to trap the existing moisture in your skin.
  • Always opt for ointments or creams rather than a lotion. Look for a cream that contains an oil such as olive oil or jojoba oil. Shea butter also works well.
  • Other ingredients that help to soothe dry skin include lactic acid, urea, hyaluronic acid and glycerin.

Oily Skin: 

  • For cleansers: consider non-comedogenic, lightly foaming formulas.
  • For moisturizers: opt for lighter products as opposed to a heavy one—such as a hydrating serum or lotion versus a heavy cream. Preferably with an oil-free formula.
  • Additional beneficial ingredients would be hydroxy acids such as AHAs, BHAs and retinoids to control oil production.
  • If you have breakouts, you can use benzoyl peroxide, but it should be used with caution if you have any other sensitivities on your face.

SENSITIVE (S) vs. RESISTANT (R)

Sensitive Skin: frequently reacts after using skin care products with redness, stinging, burning or acne.
Resistant Skin: rarely experiences negative side effects.

Recommended Skincare Routine

Sensitive Skin: 

  • Depends on the sub-types of sensitive skin (acne, rosacea, stinging or allergy). Nevertheless, all of them share a common etiology and that is inflammation.
  • Opt for irritation soothing formulas that contain anti-inflammatory ingredients like aloe, licorice root extract, colloidal oatmeal and chamomile.
  • Avoid hydroxy acids, retinoids, high strength vitamin C serums and fragrance.
  • Patch testing may be necessary to find out which products can be tolerated by your skin type, especially with sunscreens.

Resistant Skin: 

This skin type allows for the use of most skin care products. In fact, you can even opt for higher % of active ingredients, but care should be taken to build up to that strength gradually.

PIGMENTED (P) vs. NON-PIGMENTED (N)

Pigmented Skin: uneven skin tone or dark spots.
Non pigmented Skin: even skin tone

Recommended Skincare Routine

Pigmented Skin: 

  • Always wear sunscreen, even if you are not planning to be outside.
  • Skin-lightening ingredients such as vitamin C, kojic acid, and hydroquinone can help improve uneven skin tone.

Non-Pigmented Skin: 

Broad spectrum sunscreen is the most effective measure for preventing pigmentary changes to your skin.

Know Your Skin Type

WRINKLED (W) vs. TIGHT (T)

Wrinkled: lines, wrinkles and sagging
Tight: A smooth and taut complexion

Recommended Skincare Routine

Wrinkled:

  • Consider products with anti-oxidant ingredients including vitamins C and E, co-enzyme Q10 and those derived from botanical sources such as ferulic, pycogenol, green tea and silymarin.
  • Use broad spectrum sunscreens religiously.
  • Take oral anti-oxidants to enhance skin protection from oxidative stress.
  • Regularly use retinoids to stimulate collagen synthesis.

Tight:

Preventive measures (such as vitamin C serum, sunscreen) to maintain youthful appearance of the skin.

And finally, know your skin type

Baumann Skin Type Know Your Skin type
Image re-posted from The Skin Type Solutions

Are you ready to find out your skin type?
I’m an OSPT or – Oily, sensitive, pigmented, tight. Go ahead, check what your skin type is and do share it with me below.

Reference:

  • Baumann L. Understanding and treating various skin types: the Baumann Skin Type Indicator. Dermatol Clin. 2008;26(3):359‐vi. doi:10.1016/j.det.2008.03.007
  • Atlas of Cosmetic Surgery By Michael S. Kaminer, MD, et al. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 2002 Illustrated; 496 pp
love,
Sahar x

7 Comments

  1. Sara
    5th June 2020 / 4:35 am

    I’m DRNT. Good to know!

    • Sahar Reviews
      Author
      5th June 2020 / 12:57 pm

      Hi Sara. DRNT skin types are considered one of the low maintenance skin types. But just remember one thing, light-skinned, dry, non-pigmented skin types are prone to skin damage. Other than using sunscreen religiously and investing in a good moisturizer, you’re good to go! 🙂

      • sara
        5th June 2020 / 4:12 pm

        Sounds great, thanks!

  2. 5th June 2020 / 1:04 pm

    If there was a CRNT that would be me! I’m dry and oily combination.

    Great post!

    • Sahar Reviews
      Author
      10th June 2020 / 9:05 pm

      Hi Tahryn. Thank you for visiting my blog. Well interestingly they have a scoring system for identifying your skin type. If your scoring of Oily vs. Dry Section is between 9-15, then you have very dry skin. Similarly, a score between 16-22 would indicate you have slightly dry skin. On the other hand, if your score is between 23-29 you have slightly oily skin and anything above 30 would indicate very oily skin. So combination skin would therefore fall somewhere between 25-28. Hope this helps! 🙂

  3. hardik
    5th June 2020 / 1:14 pm

    Great tips and wonderful post. Thank you for sharing! 🙂

  4. Kati
    5th June 2020 / 1:51 pm

    Good list, but I’m not sure which am I? Maybe DSPW?

    These Ads were little a bit disturbing. Sorry.

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